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In this respect, the International Symposium organised in Bucharest by theFaculty of Biotechnology, at the University of Agronomical Sciences andVeterinary Medicine Bucharest, offered a great opportunity for discussing latestfindings on the topic to researchers, professors, lecturers, and biotechnologyspecialists from various institutions.

The scientific manifestation drawn the participation of academics from theFaculty of Biotechnology and from other Romanian universities and researchinstitutes, together with well-known specialists from different countries, likeAustria, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Moldavia, Serbia.

The symposium proceedings are published in English, in the present volume. As I mentioned also in the foreword for the symposium, I would like to wishgood luck in their research activities in this wonderful and interesting field ofbiotechnology, optimism, health and personal achievements to all the participants.

Furthermore, I wish for many more funding opportunities for the researchprojects in this field, for more and better project partnerships, and for moreattention to this field and to its researchers from the policy makers at national,European and international levels. Cristina L. Florentina MateiProf.

Data :

Mona Elena PopaLecturer Dr. Florentina Israel RomingLecturer Dr. Plant material was collected from the Natura sites or from other protectedareas. For each taxon we selected at least three distinct populations, each of one comprising three tofive individuals. The plant taxa we have studied are: D. In vitro micropropagated material was then crioconserved, and the regeneration was monitored.

Genetic analyses using biochemical and molecular markers are in progress.

Restani, C. Di Lorenzo and F.

If by these geneticanalyses somaclonal variations are not rendering evident, the in vitro micropropagated plantmaterial will be employed for repopulations importance of mycotoxins in food industry critical conditions.

As a conclusion, we may afford tosustain the idea that in vitro cultures and a national collection currently represent the extract de marar aiming for biodiversity conservation. The effects of the treatments wereconcerned by alkaloid content and profile changes based on the previously observed dynamics. Stanilova, E-mail: maris bio. The leaves were harvested weeksafter inoculation. Maximum concentration of immune antiserum was for Y antisera.

From respectiveantisera, through purification was separated fraction G of immunoglobulin IgG and to realized theconjugate, antibodies were marked with alkaline phosphatase.

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Optimum dilution for IgG andconjugate also was A total of ten cows from farm A free stall system and ten cows from farm B tie stall system were chosen for this study. Blood samples were taken 15days before, as well as 15, 60 and after parturition. Body condition scoring was determinateduring dry period, puerperium, early and late lactation period.

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Health status was observedcontinuously during peripartal period 3 weeks before to 3 weeks after calving. The followingparameters were measured in blood serum: total protein, albumin, urea, glucose, BHBA, totalbilirubin and total calcium. Our results related to metabolic profiles indicated that cows on farm Bhad significantly higher total protein and albumin concentrations in all examined periods, whichindicate on severe dehydration in cows, kept under tie stall system.

Additionally, there weresignificantly more cases of pododermatitis, mastitis, distocia and retention secundina in dairy cowson farm B. In conclusion, cows kept under tie stall system are in greater risk of diseases then cows infree stall system. Encapsulation holds ahuge technological potential and it already has a high number of applications within the foods, butalso pharmaceuticals, chemical, cosmetic and printed industries.

In food products fats, oils, aroma compound and oleoresins, vitamins, minerals, colorants, enzymes,bacteria,nutraceutical and antimicrobial substances have been microencapsulated. Understanding the complexity of microencapsulation and the diversity of applications requires agood knowledge of the mechanisms by which compounds are encapsulated and released but also thephysico — chemical properties of the compounds.

A review of the current methods and applications in biotechnology is necessary to foresee the furtherdirections importance of mycotoxins in food industry microencapsulation as a way to add value and improve the quality of existing foodproducts. This technique offers an unprecedented discrimination method and revealed unexpectedphylogenic features but also enabled us to explain some technological properties.


However, therecent detection of other Saccharomyces or interspecific S. In order to fill thisgap, we have developed two sets of microsatellite markers for S. Thesemarkers enable us to offer a powerful characterization at strains level of the parental species andtherefore achieve a complete characterization of their interspecific hybrids. These techniques permitalso to compare the phylogeny obtained from strains of the three species and to compare somebiological features for each species.

This approach is an essential step towards the reconstruction oftailored hybrid strains with desired properties. These novel food products faced different levels of consumer acceptance, especially inEurope. Epilarea giardiozei of several food scares in the past two decades, European consumers became morecautious about their food choices, in terms of food safety and health.

Thus, launching novel foodswith genetically modified organisms was a failure on this market because of negative consumeracceptance.

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In the same time, functional foods — like the probiotic yoghurt — were successful. Thecase of GM food and of the other novel foods is discussed in this paper.

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It is concluded that riskcommunication and sound food policies- like educational programmes are crucial for the futuresuccess of emerging food technologies, like nutrigenomics, food irradiation or nanotechnology.

Phytosterols help in reducing the blood level of the cholesterol contained in LDL due to their similarstructure with cholesterol, and thereby the consumption of functional foods with phytosterols can bean important factor in the reduction of risk for cardiovascular diseases. Functional dairy products with phytosterols are currently available inmore than 20 countries, including 13 EU countries. Since increased interest is focused on theincorporation of phytosterols in dairy-based products, the objective of the present study were toinvestigate the incorporation of phytosterol emulsions obtained from sunflower oil deodorizerdistillate, into milk and yogurt.

To achieve this purpose, milk with different fat content 0. The dairy products were evaluated in terms of acidity, pH,viscosity, taste, odour, color and the syneresis phenomen.

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The microscope analysis showed that most phytosterol quantity is solubilized orin microcrystal shape in the oil phase of the prepared emulsions.

The prepared emulsions were usedas premixes for dairy functional foods. The experiments were carried out by screening the optimal biotechnology ofrecycling the winery and vine wastes by using them as growing substrata for edible and medicinalmushrooms and protecting in this way the natural environment. In this respect, the new biotechnologyof solid state cultivation of edible and medicinal mushrooms Lentinula edodes and Pleurotusostreatus was applied by using a modular robotic system that provides the following fully automaticoperations: sterilization of composts, inoculation in aseptic chamber by controlled injection devicecontaining liquid mycelia as inoculum, incubation as well as mushroom fruit bodies formation inspecial growing chambers with controlled atmosphere and the picking up of edible and medicinalmushroom fruit bodies.

All these operations must be carried out in a completely aseptic zone in whichno human operator has any access during the whole mushroom cultivation in continuous flow up tothe culture cycle end.

By applying these fully automatic procedures, all physical and chemical factorsthat could influence the fungal biomass production as well as fruit bodies formation of L. Although these researching themes which are approaching thissubject have a profound regional character that is watching the typicality of some products Cognacand Champagne-France,France, Spain, Hungaryit can observed a tendency to integrate researchat European level importance of mycotoxins in food industry some biodiversity elements for example the spreading of yeast along theDanube or inside the Balcanic space.

Previous works proved that local wine yeast perform better under winemaking conditions on localgrape varieties than the commercial strains. The aim is to obtain local wines with local strains inorder to keep the authenticity of the products and finally to importance of mycotoxins in food industry part of the market.

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More than yeast strains have been isolated in the past two years importance of mycotoxins in food industry consecrated vineyards Dealu Mare-Valea Calugareasca, dealurile Bujorului andIasi from Moldova county, Minis Maderat-Est of Romania. All these strains have been identified by rapid physiological tests API 20CBiomerieux, and 70 of them have been kept as Saccharomyces species to be tested importance of mycotoxins in food industry winemakingconditions.

For the analysis of meat, milk and animal tissues origin, potential markers for feed can be used biomarkers of plants, markers of geographic origin of milk and meat. Diet and animal habitatsinfluences the isotopic composition of water and fat entering the composition in animal products ortissue. The animal nutrition determines the composition of fat and in particular the ratio ofunsaturated and saturated fatty acids.

Using nuclear magnetic resonance NMR to identify the typeof milk in nutrition, the relative ratio of saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids canbe determinate. Another method of determining the type of food and geographical origin is the IRMS isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Traces of stable isotopes in animal tissues or products reflects thecomposition of stable isotopes of the feed, modified by the animal's metabolism.

It has been importance of mycotoxins in food industry that using NIRS near infrared reflectance spectroscopy to spectrally characterize meat,the difference between beef samples originating from two types of feeding system can be made feedbased only on grazing versus feeding based on silos of corn.

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As traceability refers to all processes down to origins, it is necessary to obtain information onanimal identification, geographic and native origin, which are often important considerations in thequality labeling and in food adulteration prevention. These objectives can be achieved by implementing and monitoring qualityassurance throughout the total food chain when necessary and possible. Anyone involved in the foodchain, from farmer to consumer, has the responsibility to maintain safe food taking necessaryprecautions so that they are protected from hazards responsible of food borne diseases.

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These actionswill prevent and reduce food losses important especially for areas where food security is threatened. The research presented in this paper is aiming to establish the way ecological farms affectthe quality and safety of cow's milk. Having set this target samples of cow's milk from organic farmswere examined compared with those derived from conventional farms from the physico-chemical andmicrobiological point of view: pH, titrated acidity, content of dry soluble substance, total aerobicplate count and the number of E.

The results showed that from the physico-chemical point of view, the indicators of milksamples from the ecological farms registered increased values when compared with milk samplesfrom the conventional farm, while from the microbiological point of view, the microbial load of milksamples from the ecological farms was lower when compared with milk samples from theconventional farm.

Changes in retailing practices such as globalisedmarkets resulting in longer distribution distances present major challenges to the food packagingindustry and act as driving forces for the development of new and improved packaging concepts thatextend shelf life while maintaining and monitoring food safety and quality. Forest importance of mycotoxins in food industry and compositematerials will be part of this dynamic future.

A variety of bio-polymers have been extracted frombiomass, synthesized from bio-derived monomers, or produced from microorganisms.

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Bio-basedplastic applications are currently targeted towards single-use, disposable, short-life packagingmaterials, coatings for paper, etc. Products of renewable resources having low cost and suitableproperties for packaging applications are going to make them the most preferable material in thenear future.

The development and the diversification of the products and of the g 3 oods consumption,necessitate the development and the improvement of the activities in the field of techniques and of theeconomy of the packaging.

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In the last decade the most important additional function of the packagingmethod is detox activ extension of the shelf life of the food products.

Usually the food products are packed inplastic bags.